Pedro Pineda

Dr. Pedro Pineda

Research Area Governance in Higher Education and Science
Researcher
  • +49 511 450670-310
  • +49 511 450670-960

Pedro Pineda (Dr. Phil., Humboldt University of Berlin) has specialized in the fields of comparative higher education, comparative education and sociology of education. He is interested in the development of theories and methods that analyze the influence of globalization on policies, organizational structures, and practices in secondary schools and universities with particular emphasis on international comparisons between Latin America, Germany and the USA. His current interests include topics such as isomorphism in curriculum reforms (peace education and online learning), the diffusion of student evaluations of teaching, universities´ research cooperation, and the institutionalization of diversity management.

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Projects

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Research cluster: Mobility and Migration-Specific Inequalities
Publications

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Rejection and mutation of discourses in curriculum reforms: peace education(s) in Colombia and Germany.

Pineda, P., & Celis, J. (2021).
Rejection and mutation of discourses in curriculum reforms: peace education(s) in Colombia and Germany. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 1-23.
Abstract

Through content analysis of policy documents, we seek to find out why the Colombian Congress established peace education (PE) as mandatory content across all educational levels in 2014 in a postwar phase, while the German Standing Conference of Ministers of Education rejected attempts to implement PE since the Cold War. Whereas the German school curriculum has maintained a strong disciplinary structure that leads to the rejection of the local version of PE developed in the Federal Republic of Germany, either as military indoctrination or critical pedagogy, Colombia’s curriculum based on classical education is now influenced by educational bstandards and citizenship education—both influences from the United States.

Translating student evaluation of teaching: how discourse and cultural environments pressure rationalizing procedures.

Pineda, P., & Seidenschnur, T. (2021).
Translating student evaluation of teaching: how discourse and cultural environments pressure rationalizing procedures. Studies in Higher Education (online first).
Abstract

Based on our interviews with professors and administrators at 18 universities in three countries, we discuss how SET diffused in all the studied universities and how SET was translated and edited differently according to different sets of statements. SET diffused from the US, where it was initiated by students in the 1950s and later adopted by universities in the 1970s. German and Colombian universities only imported SET later, in the 2000s, and in the German public sector it is still not mandatory for all courses. SET gains legitimacy through different discourses, for instance, the discourse on the empowerment and rights of students. SET also connects to the discourse on increasing rationality that extends to the metrification of teaching.

The Debate on student evaluations of teaching: global convergence confronts higher education traditions.

Pineda, P., & Steinhardt, I. (2020).
The Debate on student evaluations of teaching: global convergence confronts higher education traditions. Teaching in Higher Education (online first). https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2020.1863351
Abstract

We found that: (1) Attention to SET originated in the US in the 1970s, spreading to German-speaking countries in the mid-1990s and continuing in China and Latin America in the early 2000s. (2) SET is commonly viewed as a control tool deserving methodological improvement, while bias is debated in the US. We also found local trajectories: (3) Whereas in the US and Latin America SET is primarily seen as a management tool, German-speaking and Chinese authors reflect more on improving teaching. Chinese scholars consider SET a valid instrument for state control associated with artificial intelligence. Also, (4) SET is commonly used in medical education in the US and the German-speaking region and in physical education in China.

Prevenir el alcoholismo desde los colegios: Componentes y evidencia de programas de prevención/School-based prevention of alcoholism: Components and evidence of effective programs.

Pineda, P., Celis, J., & Rangel, L. (2020).
Prevenir el alcoholismo desde los colegios: Componentes y evidencia de programas de prevención/School-based prevention of alcoholism: Components and evidence of effective programs. Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Educativos, 16(1), 138-162. https://doi.org/10.17151/rlee.2020.16.1.7
Abstract

Policy instruments such as the National Policy for Reducing Substance Use (Ministerio de Protección Social, 2007) and the National Law on School Coexistence (CRC, 2013) follow a preventive approach to address the problem of alcoholism. However, neither national public bodies nor schools often have access to information on prevention programs based on scientific evidence. In this article, the international literature on alcohol abuse prevention programs in the school setting is reviewed. It was found that the most robust programs are characterized by (1) differentiating between abuse and use, (2) addressing the problem of addiction to different psychoactive substances, (3) relating alcohol to overall social-emotional problems.

Loose Coupling in Curriculum Reforms: Rural Teachers' Perceptions of Peace Education in Post-Conflict Colombia.

Pineda, P., & Meier, M. (2020).
Loose Coupling in Curriculum Reforms: Rural Teachers' Perceptions of Peace Education in Post-Conflict Colombia. Peace and Conflict Studies, 47 (1), Article 3.
Abstract

Previous research has shown how peace education (PE) mutates according to socio-political and curricular/didactic traditions, but we still need to know how PE disseminates at the school level. We surveyed teachers from 12 rural schools of the violent Amazon region of Colombia where a national Law made PE mandatory in schools and universities. Teachers working on schools affected by the armed conflict have high expectations about PE. Teachers also have opposing views about the history of PE. We could not find a systematic pattern of responses about the pedagogical principles or theoretical sources of inspiration of PE. We discuss the differences between present PE reforms and the previous tradition related to classical Education.

Emerging decolonized scientific collaboration: The Max Planck Institute and the Leibniz Association in Latin America.

Pineda, P., Gregorutti, G., & Streitwieser, B. (2019).
Emerging decolonized scientific collaboration: The Max Planck Institute and the Leibniz Association in Latin America. Journal of Studies in International Education, 24(1) (online first). https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315319888891

The worldwide spread of peace education: discursive patterns in academic publications.

Pineda, P., Celis, J. E., & Rangel, L. (2019).
The worldwide spread of peace education: discursive patterns in academic publications. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 17(5), 638-657. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2019.1665988

Changing analytical levels and methods of research on leadership of university presidents.

Badillo, R., Krücken, G., & Pineda, P. (2019).
Changing analytical levels and methods of research on leadership of university presidents. Studies in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2019.1647417

On Interculturality and decoloniality: Sabedores and government protection of indigenous knowledge in Bacatá Schools.

Pineda, P., & Celis, J. E. (2019).
On Interculturality and decoloniality: Sabedores and government protection of indigenous knowledge in Bacatá Schools. Compare, 49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2019.1585758

The maelstrom of online programs in Colombian teacher education. (114).

Pineda, P., & Celis, J. E. (2018).
The maelstrom of online programs in Colombian teacher education. (114). Education Policy Analysis Archives 26(114), online first. http://dx.doi.org/10.14507/epaa.26.3873

Research partnerships over neocolonialism: Max Planck Society’s policy in Latin America.

Pineda, P., & Streitwieser, B. (2018).
Research partnerships over neocolonialism: Max Planck Society’s policy in Latin America. In G. Gregorutti & N. Svenson (Hrsg.), Innovative North-South University Research Partnerships in Latin America (S. 259-278). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75364-5

Technical education in Colombia between massification and legitimacy: A neo-Institutional perspective.

Pineda, P., & Celis, J. E. (2018).
Technical education in Colombia between massification and legitimacy: A neo-Institutional perspective. In R. Raby & E. Valeau (Hrsg.), International Handbook on Comparative Studies on Community Colleges and Global Counterparts (S. 331-351). Berlin: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50911-2_34

Towards the entrepreneurial university? Market-based reforms and institutional isomorphism in Colombia.

Pineda, P., & Celis, J. E. (2017).
Towards the entrepreneurial university? Market-based reforms and institutional isomorphism in Colombia. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 25(71), 1-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.14507/epaa.25.2837

El Aprendizaje y la Evaluación en la Universidad [Learning and Evaluation at the University].

Pineda, P. (2016).
El Aprendizaje y la Evaluación en la Universidad [Learning and Evaluation at the University]. Bogotá: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana.

University research in Chile and Colombia: assessing the impact of science and higher education policy.

Pineda, P. (2016).
University research in Chile and Colombia: assessing the impact of science and higher education policy. In J. Delgado & G. Gregorutti (Hrsg.), Private Universities in Latin America: Research and Innovation in the Knowledge Economy (S. 79-106). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137479389_5
Presentations

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Between Autocracy and Collegiality: Student Evaluation of Teaching, Hiring and Dismissal in Colombian Universities.

Pineda, P. (2021, April).
Between Autocracy and Collegiality: Student Evaluation of Teaching, Hiring and Dismissal in Colombian Universities. Vortrag auf dem Workshop International Collegiality, Upssala University, Upssala, Schweden.
Abstract

I analysed 14 interviews to academics and administrators of six public and private Colombian elite universities where collegial relations could be expected to be especially present (see Pineda & Seidenschnur, 2021). I show that collegial structures and procedures in contemporary Colombian higher education operate mostly in some higher education institutions of the public sector and for a minority of the professors. For academics in almost all private sector and most academics (those working under zero-hours-based contracts) collegiality is a foreign idea to their everyday work at universities. I end reflecting on the connection between academic relationships and wider contexts of social violence and inequality.

Job Stability and Instability at Universities in Chile, Colombia, Germany, and the United States.

Pineda, P. (2021, April/Mai).
Job Stability and Instability at Universities in Chile, Colombia, Germany, and the United States. Vortrag auf der Konferenz CIES 2021 Conference Social Responsibility within Changing Contexts, Comparative and International Education Society, Seattle, USA.
Abstract

The first major finding in this study is that academic employment is increasingly segmented. Academics are no longer a monolithic group with different ranges of power (Clark, 1986). The second key finding is that permanent employment for scholars is not associated with universities´ growth of an administrative apparatus engaged in enduring institutional accreditation as performative commitment to educational quality. Our third contribution was in showing that, as higher education expands, the labor market for academics becomes segmented. Universities, especially older, public universities outside the US and Chile, better funded, those with more doctorate graduates and with more prestige seem to maintain faculty stability.

School Choice, Institutional Environments and the Precarisation of Teachers’ Working Conditions in Not-For-Profit Charter Schools.

Pineda , P., & Salazar, D. (2020, November).
School Choice, Institutional Environments and the Precarisation of Teachers’ Working Conditions in Not-For-Profit Charter Schools. Paperpräsentation auf dem Workshop "The Perils of Policymaking in Latin America"; Hertie School of Governance Berlin.
Abstract

By employing a semi-experimental approach involving Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and Difference-in-Differences (DID), we find that in the close vicinity (postcode area) where charter schools are established, they more than double teachers’ workload for a comparatively small increase in salaries. We interpret these results in light of the neo-institutional approach to promoting school choice with the main argument being the benefits of competition. We argue that school choice advocates in Colombia have decoupled the presumed benefits of charter schools’ competition from their actual negative effects for teachers. Overall, we contend that the introduction of charter schools in Colombia (Bogota) has led to a general precarisation.

School Choice, Institutional Environments and the Precarisation of Teachers’ Working Conditions in Not-For-Profit Charter Schools.

Pineda, P., & Salazar, D. (2020, Oktober).
School Choice, Institutional Environments and the Precarisation of Teachers’ Working Conditions in Not-For-Profit Charter Schools. Paperpräsentation auf dem Workshop "Causality in the Social Sciences II"; DZHW; Hannover.
Abstract

By employing a semi-experimental approach involving Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and Difference-in-Differences (DID), we find that in the close vicinity (postcode area) where charter schools are established, they more than double teachers’ workload for a comparatively small increase in salaries. We interpret these results in light of the neo-institutional approach to promoting school choice with the main argument being the benefits of competition. We argue that school choice advocates in Colombia have decoupled the presumed benefits of charter schools’ competition from their actual negative effects for teachers. Overall, we contend that the introduction of charter schools in Colombia (Bogota) has led to a general precarisation.

Standardizing Teaching: Importing Student Evaluation of Teaching, Quality Assurance Offices and Teaching and Learning Centers.

Pineda , P. (2020, Juli).
Standardizing Teaching: Importing Student Evaluation of Teaching, Quality Assurance Offices and Teaching and Learning Centers. Paperpräsentation im Rahmen des EGOS Colloquium, Hamburg.
Abstract

This paper aims to contribute to the panel on universities through discussing student evaluation of teaching (SET) as an example of the increasing “managerialization of universities” with respect to teaching. I deviate from the functionalist imaginary and borrow ideas from world society theory to understand SET as a practice that diffuses globally because it gains social legitimacy and not necessarily because of its proven effectiveness. I observe that STE diffuses globally. The embeddedness of a procedure in universities occurs parallel to university bodies in charge of implementing it such as quality assurance offices and teaching and learning centers

From Academic Oligarchy to "Taxi Professors": Academic Employment in Chile, Colombia, Germany, and the United States.

Pineda , P., Delgado, J. E., & Alarcón, M. (2020, Juni).
From Academic Oligarchy to "Taxi Professors": Academic Employment in Chile, Colombia, Germany, and the United States. Paperpräsentation auf dem Comparative Sociology Workshop; Stanford University; Stanford, USA.
Abstract

Through multilevel regression, we analyze which university characteristics are associated to faculty permanent employment in universities from four countries. Findings show that: (1) Untenured academics represent a vast majority of faculty working in Germany, Colombia, and Chile, while in the US the untenured faculty has increased since 2012. (2) Permanent employment for scholars decreases along with universities´ acquisition of program accreditations and increase of administrative staff.. (3) Older universities, public universities outside US and Chile, those with more doctorate graduates and a higher faculty-student ratio grant more stability to their faculty

Curriculum Vitae
since 01/2020

Postdoctoral Research Associate at DZHW

02/2018 - 01/2020

Postdoctoral Researcher at INCHER, University of Kassel, and Visiting Scholar at Stanford University

09/2017 - 01/2018

Educational Consultant, National Ministry of Education, Colombia

01/2014 - 08/2017

Assistant Professor, Universidad de los Andes and Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá

08/2013 - 12/2013

Intern in Evaluation and Test Design, United Nations, New York

10/2009 - 10/2015

Dr. phil. in Education, Humboldt University of Berlin. Dissertation: The Research Entrepreneurial University in Latin America: Global and Local Models in Chile and Colombia 1950-2015. New York: Palgrave Macmillan

10/2008 - 09/2009

Auditor, Idecol S.A., Bogotá

10/2007 - 06/2009

M.A. in Higher Education Research and Development, INCHER (University of Kassel), minor in Political Economy

11/2005 - 11/2006

Secondary school teacher, Colegio San Carlos, Bogotá

07/2001 - 09/2007

Director of Human Resources, Armalco S.A., Bogotá

01/2000 - 06/2005

Pregrado (equivalent to Diplom) in Psychology, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

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