Forschungscluster: Open Science

Start of the project: 01-Jun-2020

The concept of open science influences many contemporary debates about science and its governance. Open science can be understood as a movement, composed of various initiatives that aim to make science more open, transparent and more accessible. Furthermore, a culture of open data enables novel combinations and promises to unleash the full innovative potential of science. Open science can be understood as a reaction to different crises and transformations of the global science system: 1) as a reaction to monopolistic structures in scientific publishing (Open Access), 2) as potential solutions to issues regarding the quality of research, for example the replication crisis (Open Data, Open Trials), 3) as a way to improve peer review processes (Open Peer Review), 4) as a reaction to the changing evaluative frameworks and reward structures (Open Metrics) or as means to strengthen the link between science and society in general (Open University, Citizen Science, Participatory Research). Thus, open science aims to improve all stages in the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge.

Although there is a plethora of such initiatives in science and science policymaking, especially on the European level, only few investigations and critical reflections can be found in higher education research or the science studies. With respect to the various transformations that are on a rise, the Open Science Cluster was formed. It developed a set of research questions that are relevant to the DZHW:

  • 1. How can we understand the debate around open science itself? What are the aims and goals of open science?
  • 2. What does “open” mean and how it is achieved with regards to the different disciplinary cultures? How do different interpretations of “open” impact the production of knowledge, e.g. what are the positive and negative effects, what are the frictions and problems?
  • 3. How do organizations in higher education and research manage open science? What do they identify as challenges or drivers for a successful change management?
  • 4. How can open science practices quantitatively assessed? Will there be new indicators for science and innovations?

Aims of the Open Science Cluster

The aims of the cluster activities can be understood along four areas:

  • 1. Establishing connections between DZHW and research about open science, both external and internal. In doing so, the cluster aims at new collaborations and activities with existing research trends in Germany (Open Science Research)
  • 2. Support initiatives in our own areas, especially making data from higher education research and science studies openly available (Open Science Resources)
  • 3. Develop research-based services for actors from science and science policy (Open Science Services)
  • 4. Reflect and develop our own research practices at DZHW with regards to open science (Open Science Services)

To achieve these aims, the cluster will organize events such as internal and external workshops. In addition, it plans to setup a website with relevant information about open science for scholars from higher education research and science studies.

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Publications

Editors between support and control by the digital infrastructure — Tracing the peer review process with data from an editorial management system.

Hartstein, J., & Blümel, C. (2021).
Editors between support and control by the digital infrastructure — Tracing the peer review process with data from an editorial management system. Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/frma.2021.747562/full (Abgerufen am: 20.10.2021) (online first).
Abstract

Many journals now rely on editorial management systems, which are supposed to support the administration and decision making of editors, while aiming at making the process of communication faster and more transparent to both reviewers and authors. Yet, little is known about how these infrastructures support, stabilize, transform or change existing editorial practices. By exploring process generated data from a publisher’s editorial management system, we investigate the ways by which the digital infrastructure is used and how it represents the different realms of the process of peer review. How does the infrastructure support, strengthen or restrain editorial agency for administrating the process?

Strukturwandel durch Innovation: Über die performative Verschränkung und Aneignung zweier Streitbegriffe in der Lausitz.

Blümel, C. (2021).
Strukturwandel durch Innovation: Über die performative Verschränkung und Aneignung zweier Streitbegriffe in der Lausitz. In J. Herberg, J. Staemmler, & P. Nanz (Hrsg.), Wissenschaft im Strukturwandel: Die paradoxe Praxis engagierter Transformationsforschung (S. 163-189). München: oekom.

History, Development and Conceptual Predecessors of Altmetrics.

Blümel, C., & Gauch, S. (2021).
History, Development and Conceptual Predecessors of Altmetrics. In Ball, R. (Hrsg.), Handbook Bibliometrics (S. 191-199). Berlin / Boston: De Gruyter Saur.

Academic Social Networks and Bibliometrics.

Blümel, C. (2021).
Academic Social Networks and Bibliometrics. In Ball, R. (Hrsg.), Handbook Bibliometrics (S. 255-264). Berlin / Boston: De Gruyter Saur.

The Open Innovation in Science Research Field: A Collaborative Conceptualisation Approach.

Beck, S., Bergenholtz, C., Bogers, M., Brasseur, T., Conradsen, M. L., Di Marco, D., ... & Xu, S. M. (2020).
The Open Innovation in Science Research Field: A Collaborative Conceptualisation Approach. Industry and Innovation. https://doi.org/10.1080/13662716.2020.1792274

The Valuation of Online Science Communication: A Study Into the Scholarly Discourses of Altmetrics and Their Reception.

Blümel, C., & Gauch, S. (2020).
The Valuation of Online Science Communication: A Study Into the Scholarly Discourses of Altmetrics and Their Reception. Social Sciences Research Network. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3539133

Open Data in Biomedical Research: an exploratory study of perceptions and practices towards Open Data within a biomedical research facility: Berlin: DZHW.

Blümel, C. (2019).
Open Data in Biomedical Research: an exploratory study of perceptions and practices towards Open Data within a biomedical research facility: Berlin: DZHW.

Open Science und Open Innovation: Neue Indikatoren für die Analyse des Wissenschafts- und Innovationssystems im Digitalen Zeitalter.

Blümel, C. (2019).
Open Science und Open Innovation: Neue Indikatoren für die Analyse des Wissenschafts- und Innovationssystems im Digitalen Zeitalter. Berlin: Stifterverband Discussion Paper 1/2019.

Was gewinnen wir durch Open Science und Open Innovation?

Blümel, C., Fecher, B., & Leimüller, G. (2019).
Was gewinnen wir durch Open Science und Open Innovation? Essen: Stifterverband. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1880055

Open Science - a loosely coupled discourse? Comparing Open Science and Open Innovation from a bibliometric point of view.

Blümel, C., & Beng, F. (2018).
Open Science - a loosely coupled discourse? Comparing Open Science and Open Innovation from a bibliometric point of view. In STI 2018 Conference Proceedings. Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators. 12-14 September 2018, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Quantitative User Valuation Studies - The case of Altmetrics.

Gauch, S., & Blümel, C. (2018).
Quantitative User Valuation Studies - The case of Altmetrics. In Conference Proceedings. Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators (S. 255-266). Leiden, The Netherlands.

Das Potenzial strategischer Öffnung. Stifterverband.

Fecher, B., Leimüller, G., & Blümel, C. (2018).
Das Potenzial strategischer Öffnung. Stifterverband.

Opening up new channels for scholarly review, dissemination, and assessment.

Görögh, E., Sifacaki, E., Vignoli, M., Gauch, S., Blümel, C., Kraker, P., ... & Toli, E. (2017).
Opening up new channels for scholarly review, dissemination, and assessment. OpenSym '17, August 23-25, 2017, Galway, Ireland, ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/3125433.3125452
Presentations

Not a counterculture: Scientific open source software as epistemic infrastructure.

Hartstein, J. (2022, Mai).
Not a counterculture: Scientific open source software as epistemic infrastructure. Vortrag auf der Konferenz "20th Annual STS Conference Graz 2022 – Critical Issues in Science, Technology and Society Studies", Technische Universität Graz, Graz, Österreich.

Was ist Open Science?

Blümel, C. (2021, November).
Was ist Open Science? Vortrag im Rahmen der Open Data, Open Science, Open Innovation: Das Konzept von „Openness“ in Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft, Universität Potsdam, Potsdam.

Explaining field specific forms of sharing – The influence of epistemic conditions.

Velden, T. (2021, Mai).
Explaining field specific forms of sharing – The influence of epistemic conditions. In E. Barlösius & N. Taubert (Vorsitz), In- and Outside Open Science. auf der Konferenz STS Conference Graz 2021 - Critical lssues In Science, Technology and Society Studies, Annual Conference of the Science Technology and Society Unit of the Institute of Interactive Systems and Data Science of Graz University of Technology, the Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture (IFZ) and the Institute for Advanced Studies of Science, Technology and Society (IAS-STS)., Graz, Österreich.
Abstract

Open science advocates and an increasing number of political stakeholders and research funding agencies encourage researchers to publicly share the various instantiations of scientific knowledge that are generated during the research process, in particular research data, but also computer code, method protocols, or material specimens. Critical for the success of this vision is the readiness of research groups to share those tools and resources that they have created. The study I will present seeks to contribute to a theory of field-specific forms of sharing by looking specifically at the question how sharing decisions are influenced by the epistemic conditions for research in a field.

Open Science zwischen Theorie und Bewegung.

Blümel, C. (2021, April).
Open Science zwischen Theorie und Bewegung. Vortrag im Rahmen der Lecture Series: Open Science und Forschungsqualität in Theorie und Praxis, Berlin University Alliance (BUA), Berlin.

A comparative approach to field-specific forms of sharing.

Velden, T., & Schwichtenberg, N. (2020, August).
A comparative approach to field-specific forms of sharing. Vortrag auf der EASST/4S 2020 Locating and Timing Matters: Significance and agency of STS in emerging worlds, 18.8.-21.08.2020, Prague, Czech Republic.

Offene Wissenschaft – mehr Beteiligung?

Blümel, C. (2019, Dezember).
Offene Wissenschaft – mehr Beteiligung? Input auf dem Konvent des Forums für offene Innovationskultur des Stifterverbandes, 6.12.2019, Berlin.

Changing the system for scholarly reward? The emerging metadata landscape of digitized research evaluation.

Blümel, C. (2019, November).
Changing the system for scholarly reward? The emerging metadata landscape of digitized research evaluation. Vortrag auf dem Workshop: Digitalisierte Bewertungspraktiken in Wissenschaft und Hochschule, 14./15.11.2019, Berlin.

Open Science and Open Innovation.

Blümel, C. (2019, Mai).
Open Science and Open Innovation. Vortrag am Ludwig Boltzmann Centre for Open Innovation in Science, Mai 2019, Wien, Österreich.

Field Specific Forms of Open Science.

Velden, T. (2019, Mai).
Field Specific Forms of Open Science. Vortrag auf dem 1st Open Innovation in Science (OIS) Research Workshop, 02.-03.05.2019, Vienna, Austria.

The Valuation of Digital Scholarly Communication: Platforms, Metrics, and Narratives.

Blümel, C. (2019, Februar).
The Valuation of Digital Scholarly Communication: Platforms, Metrics, and Narratives. Invited Talk an der TU München.

Wissenschaft im Wandel.

Blümel, C. (2019, Februar).
Wissenschaft im Wandel. Diskutant in Podiumsdiskussion mit Ijad Madisch, Gründer von ResearchGate an der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover.

Open Science - a loosely coupled discourse? Comparing Open Science and Open Innovation from a bibliometric point of view.

Blümel, C., & Beng, F. (2018, September).
Open Science - a loosely coupled discourse? Comparing Open Science and Open Innovation from a bibliometric point of view. Vortrag auf der 23rd International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators (STI 2018): "Science, Technology and Innovation indicators in transition", 12.-14.09.2018, Leiden, Niederlande.

Head of Research cluster

Clemens Blümel
Clemens Blümel Head of Research cluster +49 30 2064177-31
Theresa Velden
Dr. Theresa Velden Head of Research cluster +49 30 2064177-51

Members

Dr. Andreas Daniel Prof. Dr. Bernd Kleimann Dr. Marcel Knöchelmann Alexander Schniedermann