Junior Research Group: Mobility of the Highly Skilled

Start of the project: 01-Mar-2019

In European education, science, and economic policy, the mobility of students and graduates is viewed as a mechanism that can strengthen the cohesion of civil society and increase the capacity of national economies and science systems. From the individual point of view, mobility can also be a strategy to improve individuals’ life chances.

Against this background, barriers to national and regional job markets for the highly skilled workforce have been loosened in recent decades, and widespread support for cross-border scientific collaboration has been provided. The establishment of programmes such as ERASMUS and the harmonisation of study structures during the Bologna Process have also created new opportunities for students to become mobile.

But who is using these opportunities? Which systemic, institutional, and individual factors influence whether highly skilled individuals move to other places to live, to study, or work, either temporarily or permanently? And what short, medium, and long-term effects does mobility have on their life paths? Due to the nature of existing data sources, research into education, job markets, and migration has, for a long time, primarily examined these issues over wide swathes of the population and only rarely concentrated on highly skilled people. More recent data sources, however, have created new potential to analyse the causes and effects of high-skilled mobility. This potential shall be used by the junior research group.

To supplement existing research into the mobility of the highly skilled, which is currently strongly characterised by macro analyses and often focuses on the immigration of highly skilled individuals (inbound mobility), the junior research group conducts micro-founded analysis of temporary or permanent emigration of highly skilled people (outbound mobility). Under the umbrella of the life course perspective, a range of sociological, psychological, and economic theories are applied to examine the wide range of causes of mobility, and its consequences for the life courses of highly skilled individuals. As well as empirical analyses based on DZHW surveys and external data sources, the junior research group aims to produce synthesising studies that sum up the state of research in the field of high-skilled mobility and to contribute to the systematic development of this field.

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Publications

Welche Rolle spielt der Promotionskontext für die Auslandsmobilität von Promovierenden?

Netz, N., & Hampel, S. (2019).
Welche Rolle spielt der Promotionskontext für die Auslandsmobilität von Promovierenden? Beiträge zur Hochschulforschung, (im Erscheinen).

Looking for freedom? Networks of international student mobility and countries’ levels of democracy.

Vögtle, E. M. & Windzio, M. (2019).
Looking for freedom? Networks of international student mobility and countries’ levels of democracy. The Geographical Journal (online first).
Abstract

This article analyses the network of international student mobility (ISM) between OECD and European Higher Education Area (EHEA) member countries between 2000 and 2009. It aims at investigating the link between countries’ level of democracy and how this impacts on their ability to attract degree‐mobile students from abroad. Social Network Analysis (SNA) and Exponential Random Graph Modelling (ERGM) are used to show that the ties of student mobility occur more often when both countries in the dyad have either low or high levels of democracy and when the receiving country is also economically wealthy. The network is characterized by a core‐periphery structure where a few countries act as hubs with numerous strong ties

What deters students of education and teacher training from enrolment abroad?

Vögtle, E. M. (2019).
What deters students of education and teacher training from enrolment abroad? EUROSTUDENT Intelligence Brief 2/2019.
Abstract

In view of the important role they will play in educating future generations, the Yerevan Communiqué (2015) defined students of education and teacher training as a relevant group with regard to cross-national student mobility. But what makes this group of students so different from the students in other fields of study? As the analyses in this Intelligence Brief demonstrate, enrolment abroad shares among students of education and teacher training are comparatively low across countries. Students of education and teacher training rate obstacles to enrolment abroad to be more deterring compared to the average across all students.

Bildungszusammenarbeit in Europa einschließlich ERASMUS +.

Vögtle, E. M. (2017).
Bildungszusammenarbeit in Europa einschließlich ERASMUS +. Stellungnahme zum öffentlichen Fachgespräch des Ausschusses für Bildung, Forschung und Technikfolgenabschätzung der Deutschen Bundestags, Berlin.
Presentations

Warum beabsichtigen Frauen häufiger einen studienbezogenen Auslandsaufenthalt?

Cordua, F., & Netz, N. (2019, November).
Warum beabsichtigen Frauen häufiger einen studienbezogenen Auslandsaufenthalt? Vortrag auf der Konferenz "Bildung und Raum", LIfBi, Bamberg.

Wer ist für eine Professur geeignet? Ergebnisse eines faktoriellen Surveys mit Professor*innen an deutschen Universitäten.

Netz, N., & Petzold, K. (2019, Oktober).
Wer ist für eine Professur geeignet? Ergebnisse eines faktoriellen Surveys mit Professor*innen an deutschen Universitäten. Vortrag im INCHER Brown-Bag-Seminar, Universität Kassel.

Why are women more likely to study abroad? An explanation of the gender gap in international student mobility.

Netz, N., & Cordua, F. (2019, Juli).
Why are women more likely to study abroad? An explanation of the gender gap in international student mobility. Vortrag auf der 2. Nachwuchstagung des Deutschen Zentrums für Integrations- und Migrationsforschung (DeZIM), Universität Duisburg-Essen.

The Effects of Response Burden when Collecting Life-History Data in a Self-Administered Mixed-Device Survey.

Cordua, F., Carstensen, J., & Lang, S. (2019, Juli).
The Effects of Response Burden when Collecting Life-History Data in a Self-Administered Mixed-Device Survey. Poster auf der 8th Conference of the European Survey Research Association (ESRA), Universität Zagreb, Kroatien.

Life History Calendar: Are there Positive Effects in a Self-Administered Mixed-Device Survey, too?

Carstensen, J., Lang, S., & Cordua, F. (2019, Juli).
Life History Calendar: Are there Positive Effects in a Self-Administered Mixed-Device Survey, too? Poster auf der 8th Conference of the European Survey Research Association (ESRA), Universität Zagreb, Kroatien.

Welchen Einfluss hat internationale Mobilität auf wissenschaftliche Karrieren? Ein Forschungsüberblick.

Hauschildt, K., & Netz, N. (2019, Juli).
Welchen Einfluss hat internationale Mobilität auf wissenschaftliche Karrieren? Ein Forschungsüberblick. Vortrag auf dem GATE-Germany Marketingkongress 2019, Wissenschaftszentrum Bonn.

Internationalisierung für alle? Warum die Förderung von studienbezogener Auslandsmobilität zu sozialer Ungleichheit führen kann.

Netz, N. (2019, Juni).
Internationalisierung für alle? Warum die Förderung von studienbezogener Auslandsmobilität zu sozialer Ungleichheit führen kann. Vortrag an der Humboldt-Universität, Berlin.

Does international student mobility increase social inequality? An analysis of heterogeneous income returns during the first ten years after graduation.

Netz, N., & Grüttner, M. (2019, Mai).
Does international student mobility increase social inequality? An analysis of heterogeneous income returns during the first ten years after graduation. Vortrag auf der 1st International DZHW User Conference on Dynamics in the Student and Academic Life Course, Leibnizhaus, Hannover.

Nachwuchsgruppe "Mobilität von Hochqualifizierten".

Netz, N., & Cordua, F. (2019, Mai).
Nachwuchsgruppe "Mobilität von Hochqualifizierten". Poster auf der DZHW-Hausmesse 2019, ver.di-Höfe, Hannover.
Conferences

The role of place in international student mobility and migration dynamics.

Netz, N., Raghuram, P., Riaño, Y., & Van Mol, C. (2019, Juni).
The role of place in international student mobility and migration dynamics. Organisation von zwei Sessions auf der 16th IMISCOE Annual Conference, Universität Malmö (Schweden).

Head of Junior research group

Nicolai Netz
Dr. Nicolai Netz Head +49 511 450670-171

Members

Fine Cordua

Press contact

Daniel Matthes
Daniel Matthes +49 511 450670-532
To press section